Hand hygiene is a crucial aspect of personal hygiene that involves keeping one’s hands clean and free from harmful microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses. It is a vital practice that helps prevent the spread of diseases and infections in various settings, including healthcare facilities, schools, and homes.
One of the primary ways to maintain hand hygiene is through handwashing with soap and water. This process involves wetting hands with clean running water, applying soap, rubbing hands together to create a lather, and scrubbing all surfaces of the hands, including the palms, backs of hands, fingers, and nails, for at least 20 seconds. Afterward, the hands should be rinsed with clean running water and dried using a clean towel or an air dryer.
Another way to practice hand hygiene is by using alcohol-based hand sanitizers that contain at least 60% alcohol. This method is particularly useful when soap and water are not available or when one is in a hurry. The hand sanitizer should be applied to the palms and rubbed all over the hands and fingers until they are dry.

Hand hygiene is crucial in preventing the spread of infectious diseases, including COVID-19, the flu, and many other illnesses. Proper hand hygiene reduces the risk of contracting and transmitting infections, especially in settings where people interact with each other closely, such as schools, hospitals, and public transportation.
Healthcare workers have a particular responsibility to practice proper hand hygiene. They are at an increased risk of acquiring and transmitting infections due to their frequent contact with patients and exposure to bodily fluids. They must follow strict hand hygiene protocols, including handwashing before and after patient contact, before and after performing procedures, and after touching surfaces or objects in patient care areas.
In conclusion, hand hygiene is a critical aspect of personal hygiene that helps prevent the spread of infections and diseases. It is essential to practice proper hand hygiene by washing hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand sanitizers regularly, especially in high-risk settings. By practicing good hand hygiene, we can protect ourselves and others from illness and promote public health.

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